• Angina: Chest pain associated with the heart no longer receiving enough oxygenated blood. It may feel like a squeezing sensation in your chest or pain in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina may be “stable” or “unstable.” 
  • Atrial fibrillation: A quivering or irregular heartbeat that poses a risk of blood clots, stroke, heart failure and other serious heart conditions.
  • Coronary heart disease: When plaque builds up on the arteries that deliver blood to the heart, it causes the arteries to become narrower. This can lead to a range of symptoms that include chest pain, weakness, light-headedness, shortness of breath, or cold sweats, among others.
  • Atrial flutter: A type of heart arrhythmia, atrial flutter is a condition in which the upper chambers of the heart pump at an abnormally rapid rate, which can lead to stroke, disability, or death.
  • Cardiomyopathy: Cardiomyopathy is a disease affecting the heart muscle, typically causing the heart to become enlarged, rigid, thick, or in some cases, healthy tissue is replaced with scar tissue.
  • Heart failure: A progressive condition in which the heart can not pump enough blood to keep the body healthy and is failing.
  • Valvular heart disease: When a valve in the heart is damaged or diseased, it is termed valvular heart disease. The heart has four valves, any of which can be leaky, narrowed, unable to open properly (stenosis), unable to close properly, or be missing some portion of tissue.
  • Arrhythmia: An irregular heartbeat, whether too slow, too fast, or in an irregular rhythm, is termed “arrhythmia.”
  • Heart infections: Heart infections can lead to heart inflammation, damage to the heart’s inner lining, damage to the valves, damage to the membranes, or damage to the heart muscle itself.
  • Hypertension: Hypertension is high blood pressure, which, if left untreated, can lead to heart disease, heart attack, or stroke.
  • Congenital heart conditions: Some heart conditions are present at birth and affect the way the blood flows through your heart. These conditions include a hole in the heart between the upper two chambers, between the lower two chambers, or affecting all four chambers. Valve defects may be congenital. These defects often need to be treated surgically soon after birth.
  • Stroke: A stroke can lead to permanent disability or death, but in some cases, early, life-saving treatment can be performed. Such treatments include medication, angioplasty, stent, bypass surgery, or other treatment.
  • Aneurysms: An aneurysm is a bulging section of a blood vessel. It is often caused by a weakened area where the vessel branches, and as the blood passes through the area, the pressure causes it to bulge and potentially break. An aneurysm commonly develops due to plaque buildup on the blood vessel wall or high blood pressure.
  • Deep vein thrombosis: A blood clot forming in a vein, typically the legs.
    Pulmonary embolism: A blood clot lodged in an artery in the lung.

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